Antique Lamps – a Greek Subject Lamp of Gods and Men

Greece

Antique Lamps – a Greek Subject Lamp of Gods and Men by Maurice Robertson

“Classical Greece”, meaning, authoritative: of recognized authority or excellence; “the definitive work on Greece”; or, relating to the most highly developed stage of an earlier civilization and its culture.

This interpretation of the term “classic” clearly defines the Greece of 500 BC, which has constantly re-inspired the Western world. The well known Athenian Acropolis, the temple to Athena, being a perfect example of classical Greek architecture.

At various periods thought history, revivals of the superb designs of Greek classicism have emerged in art and design and particularly, architecture. Architectural styles have been inspired by elements of ancient Greek temples, with the use of massive marble Corinthian and Doric columns, decorative friezes and grand stair cases.

These revisits are generally known today as periods of “Greek Revival”. These movements were dominant from about the middle of the 18th century, lasting, almost until the close of the 19th century, 1750 – 1890.

When speaking of design and the visual arts, the neoclassical movement, or the turning back to the classic, can be dated to about c1765 with its introduction generally seen as a reaction to the restraints of the former styles of the Baroque and Rococo, both of which were heavy with form and ornamentation.

The neo classical style can be seen as a desire to go back to the perceived purity and clean lines of ancient Greece. In France, this classical style became known as the style “Etruscan” and was much favored by the court of Louis XV and XVI.

From the late 18th century and up until about 1830 the style greatly influenced designers, peaking through the early years of the 19th century. Interior and furniture designers began to design and produce Greek style tables, chairs, wall hangings, pottery, silver and even coaches. These were all designed in the new classical Greek style, with simple lines and decorative elements drawn from the repertoire of Greco-Roman ornament, particularly from Greek vase painting and from classical architecture, i.e. architectural motifs such as the repetitive Greek key, palmettes and Acanthus leaf.

The typical colour range of this neoclassic revival included black motifs outlined against terra cotta and Pompeian red, powder blue, puce and olive, these colours sometimes used in a single decor.

With the exception of porcelain and pottery of the period, when we see these colours today, they appear as pastels. We forget that these objects have been exposed to over 200 years of sunlight with original interiors having long since faded.

From about 1800, European archeology was “discovering” ancient Greece, with new design elements being literally brought to the surface! In 1806, Lord Elgin transported architectural elements of the Parthenon from Athens to London; events like this having the effect of lifting neoclassicism to new heights. Many artists were now taking the path to Greece and a steady flow of sketches and engravings were now making their way north. The style swept across Europe, now variously known in France, as the Neo-Grec and Empire style, in England as the Regency style and in Russia as Empire style, with its influence felt not only in architecture and design, but in literature, theatre and music.

The Greek revival had a profound influence on architecture, an influence which lasted well into the 19th century. In fact, it was not until the 1840’s that the term “Greek Revival” was used, believing to have been first used by Charles Cockerell, Professor of Architecture, in a lecture delivered to the Royal Society in 1842.

The style lasted well into the 1860’s, especially in North America. The revival saw the construction of many banks, courthouses and other large public buildings including private houses designed on the grand scale. From an architectural perspective, it was held to reflect intellect, prosperity and stability, with the use of grand porticos supported by stately columns, reminiscent of Greek temples.

With the decorative arts, the revival was again strengthened in the 1860-1870 period. At this date, of course, we are talking of the high Victorian period, with design now characterised by a Victorian robustness. Throughout this late revival decade, art and design again swung toward the neoclassical, although this time without the early 19th century slenderness and elegant fine lines.

This article is illustrated with a French lamp from the late revival period and includes its formal description -:

A very rare, French, 19th century, black matte glazed, terra cotta lamp decorated with a classical Greek subject. The lamp derived from the style of the Bucchero, Etruscan, terra cotta vases of classical Greek antiquity, circa 500 B.C. These vases, characteristically painted with highly glazed black figures on a grey-black ground.

The lamp of amphora shape, an oval body with a narrow neck and curved handles. The amphora supported on a short socle and standing on a circular base. This shape was introduced by the “Bucchero potter”, Nikosthenes in about 530 B.C

The subject of the decoration, Triptolemus, the legendary mortal of Greek mythology, much favoured by the gods. Demeter, goddess of agriculture, consecrates Triptolemus, the son of Celeus, “King of Eleusis”. Demeter, with her daughter, Persephone, Goddess of Spring Growth, instructing him in the art of agriculture. From Triptolemus the rest of Greece learned to plant and reap crops.

Triptolemus flew across the land in a winged chariot, a gift of the goddesses, to complete his mission. The decoration with highly glazed black figures, shows Triptolemus seated in his winged chariot and holding his attribute, a sceptre of ears of corn, the goddess Demeter passing him implements of agriculture.

The reverse side of the lamp decorated with Demeter, the grain and fertility goddess and Persephone, goddess of Spring growth and Queen of the underworld, the goddesses holding Eleusinian torches and sheaves of wheat. Demeter shown standing by her altar, within the temple, built in her honour by Triptolemus.

The lamp standing on a custom made stepped, circular, gold plated, bronze base, the base rim enamelled in black. The lamp cap of custom made, gold plated bronze.

The lamp shown with a company, custom made, box pleated lamp shade in black and terra cotta silk.

Circa 1865 Overall height including shade 23″ / 58.5cm

The lamp produced in Greek Etruscan style, with a black matte ground selectively polished to produce the classical Greek subject. This example also demonstrates the attention to detail and quality of workmanship of this Victorian expansionist period.

The descriptive term, “neoclassical” giving way to the term “Greek revival” and accepted as being prominent from c1765 – c1870, saw the rebirth of classical Greek architectural elements, extending into the decorative arts, interior design, literature and music.

This elegant, fine lined style has never been surpassed and is constantly revisited by every aspect of design, architectural, interior design and fashion.

This superb lamp can be seen on The Antique and Vintage Table Lamp Co’s web site @ http://www.antiquelampshop.com/lamp-chat.php?id=36 The Antique and Vintage Table Lamp Co specialise in antique lamps with an exclusive on-line range of over 100 unique lamps. Lamps are shipped ready wired for the US, the UK and Australia. For further information you are invited to visit their web site at -: http://www.antiquelampshop.com © The Antique and Vintage Table Lamp Co 2010

Article Source: http://www.upublish.info

A Tourist’s Guide to Athens

A Tourist’s Guide to Athens

A Tourist’s Guide to Athens by Rekha Reddy

Greece has been a top holiday destination for British tourists for decades. As well as its fantastic nightlife, Athens offers mouth-watering traditional cuisine and aeons of culture, which means there is plenty for even the most sophisticated traveller to love.

Best Time to Travel

Athenians love to socialise. Avoiding the heat of the day, the nightlife doesn’t begin until 8pm and clubs don’t really kick off until midnight. In the Summer, many clubs re-locate to the beach and are open every night. Predictably, these Summer months are hottest and busiest – book in advance! Spring and Autumn offer a more relaxed experience but try not to miss out on the Athens and Epidaurus festival. Running from May to October, it is a festival of every kind of art, ancient and modern and genuinely offers something for all tastes.

Amazing Attractions to See

Athens is the capital of modern-day Greece and the site of the ancient city state of the same name. Home of Plato and Aristotle and widely regarded as the birthplace of western philosophy and politics, Athens oozes culture and historical curiosities. The acropolis is the heart of ancient Athens, offering spectacular views of the city and some of the best-preserved ruins anywhere in the world. The Parthenon, a temple dedicated to Athena, patron goddess of Athens, is particularly impressive, not least because it has been standing for almost two and a half millenia. The adjacent Parthenon museum offers multi-lingual tours for a shade over €10, giving an exciting glimpse into the ancient world.

I could fill this article with rave reviews of world heritage sites, but I’ll let you discover them for yourself. If you eventually tire of antiquity, the narrow lanes spilling out from the foot of the acropolis are replete with coffee shops and boutiques. Get a feel for how a modern Athenian lives while you review your pics over an espresso or two. Sample traditional dishes like souvlaki’ and tzatziki. Museums and galleries offer welcome respite from the heat and display what the Greeks have been up to since the days of Plato and the Parthenon.

Exquisite and Delicious Restaurants

These lanes and streets are home to some of Athens’ most impressive restaurants and bars. The Plaka district is more quaint and in keeping with its historical surrounding whereas Psiri offers trendy, alternative eateries and hotels. For simple, unpretentious traditional food at a reasonable price try Kostas in Plaka. For a more modern and stylish take on Greek cuisine, try Pairs Keròs on Psiri Square (features live music every night).

Getting Around in Athens

Getting around Athens is a serious consideration as it is not a small city, but luckily almost every kind of transport is available to you. If you’re like me, you’ll want to experience the metro (a €1 ticket can be used and re-used on most city transport for 90 minutes after first validation), but if you want the convenience of a car (and don’t fancy taking your chances with the pick-pockets) then Avis provide car hire throughout the city and direct from the airport, starting at a little over £100. The city is shot through with accommodation options, from backpackers’ hostels up to five-star hotels, so there’s something for every budget.

It’s worth mentioning that Athens is a very political city, so riots and protests are relatively commonplace. Stay out of their way and you should avoid trouble. Like any large city, there are areas which are a little less friendly than others. Always contact a tourist advisory service in advance if you a worried about ending up in the wrong place at the wrong time. Don’t let anything spoil what should be an amazing experience.

If you do decide to opt for car hire Greece, it is a good idea to check out the rates and car hire companies before you travel. AnyCarHire can help to organize a car hire Athens Airport to be waiting for you when you arrive, leaving you to have a stress free journey in complete relaxation.

Article Source: U Publish Articles

How to reserve a self catering in Aegina, Greece

How to reserve a self catering in Aegina, Greece

How to reserve a self catering in Aegina, Greece by Teddy Major

Aegina Island is one of the closest of the Saronic Islands to Athens, offering a wonderful island lifestyle and atmosphere, yet close enough to the main land to be able to enjoy some wonderful day trips to Athens or the Peloponnese. Aegina Island is a wonderful destination for the discerning traveller looking for a private holiday rental, as the island has been mercifully ignored by the mass tourism crowds, leaving Aegina to continue as a genuine and traditional Greek island.

Located on one of the Saronic Islands, holiday rental accommodation in Aegina means that you’ll be in the ideal situation for planning day trips to the magnificent city of Athens on the Peloponnese mainland and a thorough investigation of many other nearby Greek Islands – villa and apartment rentals in Aegina therefore providing the opportunity for a truly comprehensive experience of the incredible natural, cultural and historical diversity that attracts so many visitors each year to this fascinating area of Greece. Holiday accommodation on the Saronic Islands will never be far from the nearest beach for those whose list of vacation requirements begins with ‘sun, sea and sand’, although these are something that you couldn’t possibly avoid if you chose an apartment or villa rental in Aegina where everything you could need will be within easy reach, from the local shops and tavernas to some exciting examples of architectural heritage and sites crammed with ancient Greek history, like the Temple of Aphaia, the Agios Nektarios Monastery and Palaia Chora. When you arrive at Athens airport and then catch a ferry from the Port of Piraeus, you’ll be so glad you decided to book your Greek Island holiday accommodation in Aegina as there is no finer way to capture the sheer magic and mystery of this charismatic part of Greece than to arrive at your destination by way of the sparkling blue Aegean Sea.

If you have arrived at Aegina accommodation for the beaches, swimming and sailing, you will not be disappointed. There are a great number of sandy beaches around the island, washed by the crystal clear waters of the Aegean Sea. You can choose between relaxing on a completely deserted beach or relaxing on a sun-lounger with waiters bringing you iced cocktails. Scuba diving is one of the most spectacular activities to enjoy from an Aegina Island villa, but there are many water sports you can try.

Aegina Island is a favourite destination on sailing holidays in the Saronic Islands. There are a number of little harbours around the island, perfect for mooring and going for a relaxing evening meal in one of the tavernas, bars of cafes along the shore. The villages of Perdika and Aegina are particular favourites due to their idyllic, sheltered ports. Boat charter is very easy from a seaside villa in Aegina Island.

Aegina is home to some absolutely remarkable historic sites. The Afea Athena Sanctuary is set among absolutely breathtaking scenery, with a huge temple standing proudly in the centre. The Afea Sanctuary should not be missed by anyone on holiday in Aegina accommodation. The imposing Agios Nektarios Monastery should not be missed either.

The summer months in Aegina are blissfully hot, with temperatures reaching well into the mid-30’s (˚C) during the days. Visitors are encouraged to come to during the spring and autumn too, as the weather is still very warm, but cool enough to be able to enjoy the sightseeing, walking and water sports available.

You can reach a holiday rental on Aegina Island very easily from the UK. There are frequent ‘Flying Dolphin’ ferries from Athens’ Piraeus Port, taking just 40 minutes. There are regular flights to Athens International Airport (ATH) from across the UK, provided by a great range of airlines.

I write articles for Lupain Holiday Rentals.
Browse our website to see the full range of self catering accommodation in Aegina.
Lupain Holiday Rentals for the best holidays in Aegina.

Article Source: U Publish Articles

Αποσαφήνιση όρων της Νέας Ελληνικής Γλώσσας

ΑΡΧΙΤΕΚΤΟΝΑΣ: Ένας τύπος που δεν είναι αρκετά αρρενωπός για να γίνει μηχανικός, αλλά ούτε και αρκετά “αδερφή” για να γίνει στυλίστας.

ΑΣΤΥΝΟΜΙΑ: Αυτή που καταφτάνει μετά τη μάχη και μαζεύει τους τραυματίες.

ΠΟΔΟΣΦΑΙΡΟ: Είναι αυτό με το οποίο παντρεύονται όλες οι γυναίκες χωρίς να το ξέρουν.

ΔΙΠΛΩΜΑΤΗΣ: Αυτός που σου λέει να πας να γ…θείς με τέτοιο τρόπο, που εσύ δεν βλέπεις την ώρα να το κάνεις.

ΟΙΚΟΝΟΜΟΛΟΓΟΣ: Ο ειδικός που θα ξέρει αύριο για ποιό λόγο αυτό που προέβλεψε δεν έγινε σήμερα.

ΕΥΚΟΛΗ: Λέγεται η γυναίκα που έχει τη σεξουαλική ηθική του άντρα.

ΚΒΑΝΤΙΚΟΣ ΦΥΣΙΚΟΣ: Είναι ένας τυφλός άντρας μέσα σε ένα σκοτεινό δωμάτιο, που ψάχνει μια μαύρη γάτα, δηλαδή κάτι που δεν υπάρχει.

HARDWARE: Τμήμα του υπολογιστή, το οποίο δέχεται τα χτυπήματά μας όταν το software παρουσιάσει πρόβλημα.

ΑΔΙΑΦΟΡΙΑ: Συμπεριφορά της γυναίκας απέναντι σε έναν άντρα που δεν την ενδιαφέρει, η οποία μεταφράζεται από τον άντρα ως “κάνει τη δύσκολη”.

ΔΙΑΝΟΟΥΜΕΝΟΣ: Άτομο ικανό να σκέφτεται για περισσότερο από δύο ώρες κάτι που δεν έχει σχέση με το σεξ.

ΟΜΑΔΙΚΗ ΔΟΥΛΕΙΑ: Δυνατότητα να ρίξεις τις ευθύνες στους άλλους.

ΠΟΝΟΚΕΦΑΛΟΣ: Το αντισυλληπτικό που χρησιμοποιήθηκε κατά κόρον από τις γυναίκες κατά τη δεκαετία του ’90.

ΜΟΝΟΓΑΜΙΚΟΣ: Καταπιεσμένος πολυγαμικός.

NANOSECOND: Κλάσμα του χρόνου μεταξύ της στιγμής που θα ανάψει πράσινο μέχρι την στιγμή που θα ακουστεί η κόρνα από το πίσω όχημα.

ΝΥΜΦΟΜΑΝΗΣ: Όρος με τον οποίο ο άντρας χαρακτηρίζει μια γυναίκα που θέλει να κάνει σεξ πιο συχνά από αυτόν.

ΑΠΑΙΣΙΟΔΟΞΟΣ: Αισιόδοξος με εμπειρία.

Costly bank hole looms as Greeks mull crisis plans

Costly bank hole looms as Greeks mull crisis plans – Yahoo! Finance.

Europe’s banks face a capital shortfall of hundreds of billions of euros if Greece forces them to slash the value of its debt by 50 percent, and other troubled euro zone countries like Italy and Ireland follow suit.

Pressure on Europe to shore up its banks — if necessary with capital from taxpayers’ pockets — is building, as talk of a possible Greek default gains pace.

Banks could probably cope with a Greek default — analysts at Nomura put the total damage at 40 billion euros ($54 billion ) — but markets would then focus on bigger countries and debt writedowns right across the region.

Greece trending searches on Yahoo

Greece

GREECE TRENDING SEARCHES ON YAHOO
These are RELATED AND TRENDING SEARCHES FOR GREECE
troika greece
santorini greece
greece economy
greece protests
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Greece related points of interest

Related Points of Interest in Greece

Mykonos, Greece
Parthenon, Greece
Olympia
Delphi
Thessaloniki, Greece
Cyclades
Panorama, Greece
Kos
Chania, Greece
Corinth, Greece

It is very sad that Greece is a very trending topic nowadays for all the wrong reasons,financial crisis and huge debt while Greece is a country with great places to visit,a long history of culture and the country that invented Olympics.